Pleural Biopsy

Biopsy refers to the process of extracting a tissue sample from any part of the body for its examination. Similarly, pleural biopsy means removal or obtaining of pleural tissue from pleura.

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PleuralBiopsy

About Disease

Biopsy refers to the process of extracting a tissue sample from any part of the body for its examination. Similarly, pleural biopsy means removal or obtaining of pleural tissue from pleura (a membrane that lines the lungs and chest cavity). This biopsy is demanded when the pleural fluid, extracted through the process of pleural aspiration, suggests any sign of infection, cancer or tuberculosis or x-ray report indicates any pleural based tumor or pleura thickening.

About Symptoms

The chief symptom associated with pleurisy is a sharp, stabbing pain when you breathe. This pain might go away when you hold your breath or put pressure on the painful area. However, the pain will often get worse when you sneeze, cough, or move. Fever, chills, and loss of appetite are also possible symptoms, depending on the condition that’s causing the pleurisy.

Additional symptoms of pleurisy include:

  • 1. pain on one side of your chest
  • 2. pain in your shoulders and back
  • 3. shallow breathing to avoid feeling pain
  • 4. joint pain
  • 5. muscle aches
About Treatment

There are three kinds of process to carry pleural biopsies:


Needle biopsy: This common method uses a local anesthetia to numb the chest area. After numbing, a special needle is used to pass it through the membrane and extract the sample. To place the needle in the correct place, ultrasound or CT scan can be used for the guidance.


Thoracoscopic Biopsy: This method uses general anesthetic, putting the patient to sleep to carry out the procedure. An endoscope, which is a light and flexible tube, is inserted into the pleural space (space between two layers of pleura) to get the sample. Endoscope assists the doctor to see in pleura and getting the piece.


Open Biopsy: This method is used when the sample is too small to get diagnosed. It is carried under general anesthesia where an incision is made to get the piece of sample.

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