FNAC

Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a kind of biopsy procedure for the examination of any abnormal-appearing tissue or lump in the body.

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FNAC

About Disease

Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a kind of biopsy procedure for the examination of any abnormal-appearing tissue or lump in the body. This diagnostic procedure uses a thin (23-25 gauge) needle to insert it into the body and extract a small amount of tissue as a sample for further examination. FNAC is among the safe, non-invasive, quicker and less traumatic procedure where the complications are infrequent. It is performed on the swellings and lumps under the skin.

During the procedure, the area or the skin of the lump is sterilized and may be numbed with local anesthesia whereas superficial lumps may not require it. After locating it, a fine needle is passed into the lump/mass. It may be inserted and pulled out several times as per the kind of mass or lump. After needle inserted into the mass, tissues are withdrawn and are sent for the observation and examination. Patient’s vital signs are checked and sent for observation if required.

About Symptoms

Fine needle aspiration of the thyroid is generally safe. Still, there are some risks, such as:

  • 1. bleeding
  • 2. infection
  • 3. cysts

You may experience swelling, bruising, or slight pain, which is normal. Call your doctor if you develop a fever or continue to have swelling or more intense pain.

About Treatment

The interpretation of an FNAC biopsy is varied and although in some cases an actual diagnosis may require further testing usually involving a surgical biopsy, important insight into the illness can be obtained from an FNAC biopsy. It can rule out cancer which in many cases is the major worry which alleviates patent anxiety and indicates quick treatment like removal of the lump if deemed necessary.

The FNAC biopsy has numerous benefits, apart from being fast and accurate, it is safe. It is an outpatient diagnosis which is submitted to the primary physician within 48 hours, enabling treatment to be administered. The procedure leaves no scars, requires no hospitalisation and no elaborate preparation.

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